Political Parties and the State : The American Historical Experience / Martin Shefter.Material type: BookSeries: Princeton Studies in American Politics: Historical, International, and Comparative Perspectives ; 34.Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, Copyright date: ©1994Edition: Course Book.Description: 1 online resource : 2 line illus.Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781400821228.Subject(s): Political parties -- United States -- History | Politics, Practical -- United States -- History | POLITICAL SCIENCE / History & TheoryDDC classification: 324.273/09 Online resources: Click here to access online | Cover
Frontmatter -- Contents -- List of Tables and Figures -- Preface -- Chapter 1. Political Parties and States -- PART I: PARTY AND PATRONAGE IN EUROPE AND AMERICA -- Chapter 2. Patronage and Its Opponents: A Theory and Some European Cases -- Chapter 3. Party, Bureaucracy, and Political Change in the United States -- PART II: ECONOMIC INTERESTS AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATION IN THE UNITED STATES -- Chapter 4 .Trade Unions and Political Machines: The Organization and Disorganization of the American Working Class -- Chapter 5. Regional Receptivity to Reform in the United States -- PART III: POLITICAL PARTIES AND POLITICAL CONTROL -- Chapter 6. Political Incorporation and Political Extrusion: Party Politics and Social Forces in Postwar New York -- Chapter 7. New York City's Fiscal Crisis: Countering the Politics of Mass Mobilization -- Notes -- Author Index -- Subject Index
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This book collects a number of Martin Shefter's most important articles on political parties. They address three questions: Under what conditions will strong party organizations emerge? What influences the character of parties--in particular, their reliance on patronage? In what circumstances will the parties that formerly dominated politics in a nation or city come under attack? Shefter's work exemplifies the "new institutionalism" in political science, arguing that the reliance of parties on patronage is a function not so much of mass political culture as of their relationship with public bureaucracies. The book's opening chapters analyze the circumstances conducive to the emergence of strong political parties and the changing balance between parties and bureaucracies in Europe and America. The middle chapters discuss the organization and exclusion of the American working classes by machine and reform regimes. The book concludes by examining party organizations as instruments of political control in the largest American city, New York.
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