American Bonds : How Credit Markets Shaped a Nation / Sarah L. Quinn.Material type: BookSeries: Princeton Studies in American Politics: Historical, International, and Comparative Perspectives ; 164.Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, Copyright date: ©2019Description: 1 online resource (312 p.) : 13 b/w illus. 7 tables.Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9780691185613.Subject(s): Credit -- United States -- History | Loans -- United States -- History | POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / GeneralDDC classification: 332.70973 Online resources: Click here to access online | Cover
Frontmatter -- CONTENTS -- List of Illustrations -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- 1. The Problem and Promise of Credit in American Life -- 2. The Credit Frontier -- 3. Three Failures -- 4. Credit as a Tool of Statecraft -- 5. From a Nation of Farmers to a Nation of Homeowners -- 6. Mortgage Bonds for the Small Investor -- 7. The Rise of Federal Credit Programs -- 8. Off-Budget and Decentralized -- 9. A Return to Securitization -- 10. What We Owe One Another -- Notes -- Index -- A NOTE ON THE TYPE
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How the American government has long used financial credit programs to create economic opportunitiesFederal housing finance policy and mortgage-backed securities have gained widespread attention in recent years because of the 2008 financial crisis, but issues of government credit have been part of American life since the nation's founding. From the 1780s, when a watershed national land credit policy was established, to the postwar foundations of our current housing finance system, American Bonds examines the evolution of securitization and federal credit programs. Sarah Quinn shows that since the Westward expansion, the U.S. government has used financial markets to manage America's complex social divides, and politicians and officials across the political spectrum have turned to land sales, home ownership, and credit to provide economic opportunity without the appearance of market intervention or direct wealth redistribution.Highly technical systems, securitization, and credit programs have been fundamental to how Americans determined what they could and should owe one another. Over time, government officials embraced credit as a political tool that allowed them to navigate an increasingly complex and fractured political system, affirming the government's role as a consequential and creative market participant. Neither intermittent nor marginal, credit programs supported the growth of powerful industries, from railroads and farms to housing and finance; have been used for disaster relief, foreign policy, and military efforts; and were promoters of amortized mortgages, lending abroad, venture capital investment, and mortgage securitization.Illuminating America's market-heavy social policies, American Bonds illustrates how political institutions became involved in the nation's lending practices.
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Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (publisher's Web site, viewed 29. Feb 2020)